You'll notice that this command is almost identical to the last one, except we're leaving out the word cask because Wine doesn't have a graphical user interface , and we're replaced xquartz with wine. When you run this command, Homebrew will start automatically downloading and installing software onto your computer. Wine needs several different pieces of software to run correctly, not just XQuartz, so Homebrew is going to first install those other dependencies before it installs Wine.
Just as before, Homebrew will display messages and progress bars on the Terminal to let you know what it's doing. This step of the tutorial might be very quick, or it might take a long, long time. You see, software like Wine normally needs to be compiled: transformed from human-readable source code into a form that a computer can use. This process usually takes a long time — for a program like Wine and all of its depedencies, it might take an hour or two, even for a fast, modern computer.
However, the people who make Homebrew know that people don't like to wait, and they've pre-compiled most of the software available in Homebrew, including Wine.
Your computer will automatically download the pre-compiled versions if it is able to, which will make the installation process go a lot faster. However, if your computer is in an unusual configuration, it may not be able to use the pre-compiled versions. If that's the case, it will have to compile the software for itself, which will still work, but it will take awhile. If you get an error message at this step that indicates that Homebrew has accidentally downloaded a file that is empty or incorrect, you can delete Homebrew's downloaded files by running brew cleanup. Then try running this step again, and Homebrew will redownload the file — hopefully correctly!
When Homebrew is finished installing Wine, it will stop displaying messages and wait for you to type in a new command. You may see a message that mentions a "Mac driver" and an "X11 driver". This message is related to that XQuartz thing we installed earlier, and it's an advanced configuration for people who like to adjust settings on their computers. If you just want to use Wine and don't care about adjusting settings, you can ignore that message.
To install a Windows program, first download the installer file: it should end with.
Remember the location you put it, and open up the Terminal again. Note: if you do not know what cd and ls are, you should learn how to use the command line before using Wine. Once you are in the correct directory, run the installer through Wine by running the following command in the Terminal:. For example, if the installer file is named setup.
A window will pop up with a regular graphical Windows installer. Click through it, and you're done! Run ls to see what programs you have installed. Pick a program, and enter its directory using cd. If you're having problems, try using tab autocomplete. There should be a file that ends in. Type this into Terminal:. EXE , you would run:. The program will pop up in a new window, ready to use! Enjoy using Windows on your Mac, freely and legally! Many people want to be able to run Windows programs the same way they run other programs on the Mac: by clicking an icon in the Dock.
Wine isn't specifically designed to support this, but with a little trickery, we can make it do what we want. Note: Wine prints out error messages in the Terminal when something goes wrong. By launching Windows programs via a Dock icon, you are sidestepping the Terminal, which means that if something does go wrong and Wine has to quit, it will not be able to tell you what the problem was.
Task Manager Mac – How To Use It On Mac OS X Computer
The first step to solving a problem is knowing what it is, so without running Wine from the Terminal, you won't be able to fix it, and neither will anyone else. Running from the Dock is fine as long as your program seems to be working correctly, but if it crashes, the first thing you should try is running it from the Terminal instead: it won't prevent the program from crashing, but it will give you some clues on how to fix the problem.
In order to launch a Windows program via the Dock, we're going to write an AppleScript that launches the program for us, and then put that AppleScript in the Dock. Essentially, we're writing a program ourselves! Don't worry, it's easy enough.
About Activity Monitor
Open up the Script Editor. You should see a window with a large area you can type in near the top: this is where you write your AppleScript. In that area, type the following text:. You can see that you're simply telling the AppleScript to run a line of code in the Terminal: the same line of code that you could run to start your Windows program. Next, press the Compile button at the top of the window. The text should become colored to indicate that Script Editor understands what you wrote.
You can also try pressing the Run button to run your script: it should open the Windows program successfully. Lastly, save your script. You can give it whatever name you'd like, but be sure to select File Format: Application in the save options, and leave Startup Screen unchecked. Open up the Finder, go to where you saved your script, and drag that file to your Dock. It should stay there, just like a real application — because it is a real application!
However, all it does is run that launcher command for you, so you can move the application around, rename it, or even delete it, and it won't affect the Windows program that you're running. Wine is an open source program. That means that programmers around the world are continually improving it, adding new features and squashing bugs. If you don't update Wine, though, it will never get those improvements, so it's generally a good idea to check for updates every so often.
We can use Homebrew to keep Wine up to date: it's easy! Just run this command:. With this command, Homebrew will first update itself, if any updates are available. It will then find all the outdated software it knows about including Wine and upgrade them all to the latest version. Checking for updates isn't strictly necessary, as Wine runs quite well currently.
However, it's a good idea to run this command every few months or so. And Homebrew will helpfully remove Wine from your computer. However, in order to install Wine, Homebrew also had to install many other small programs that Wine relies upon to work correctly. That's why the install process takes so long!
How to View All Running Apps & Processes in Mac OS X
If you want to remove these as well, run this script :. To do that, click on the process first and then on the X in the Activity Monitor toolbar. The process will quit and free up the resources it was taking up. How to shut down processes using Terminal Launch Terminal. Press Command and spacebar to pull up Spotlight then start typing Terminal. When the Terminal app appears in Spotlight, tap Return to launch it. Alternatively, navigate to the Utilities folder in Applications and double-click Terminal. View processes.
Kill an unwanted process. Press Enter.
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The problem process will now quit. How to prevent problematic processes using CleanMyMac You can pretty much avoid issues altogether by being a little bit proactive in hunting down the common culprits.
List of Macintosh software
Find the maintenance scripts. Under the Speed section in the left sidebar, click on Maintenance. You will see a list of tasks that CleanMyMac would suggest you to perform to optimize your Mac. You should try to run them all, but the one especially important for us is under Run Maintenance Scripts. Run the maintenance scripts. Click on the checkbox next to Run Maintenance Scripts and then click Run. How to kill a background process To kill a background process, use Activity Monitor.
How to easily remove startup items One common cause of Macs running slowly or having problems is items that launch automatically at startup. Click the padlock and type in your password. Then select your username in the left panel and click the Login Items tab. Look through all the login items that correspond to apps you no longer use and then click the minus button. The app will no longer start up automatically when you log in.
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Click on it to highlight. Reset the app. Click Application Reset at the top of the window and all the files, except the main application file, will be selected.